Today’s quick grammar point is about the expression “used to” and some related mistakes.
Spanish speakers often confuse “use to do” with “usually do” or “usually does“. They kind of create a “present form” made from “used to”.
However, this is grammatically incorrect. Let’s see why.
When you want to describe routine (things that you do on a regular basis) you should say it with “usually“, not “use to“.
Now, “used to” (which is a very similar sounding expression) has a different purpose. It doesn’t work for expressing routine in your current life. It works to talk about things in your past.
Let me give you an example I often hear from students, which is incorrect:
“I use to have breakfast at 8 o’clock”.*
What students actually want to say here is that they usually have breakfast at 8 o’clock. Saying “use to” is not correct here.
Here’s the correction:
- usually refers to the present routine, that is things that you usually do as a routine (every day or every week or a couple of times a week etc.)
- used to refers to the past and only the past. This is the point. “Used to” describes things that were a routine or a habit in the past, but in the present they are not anymore.
PAST: When I was a child I remember my city was quite different. We used to shop in small grocery stores instead of hypermarkets. There didn’t use to be hypermarkets where I grew up, only supermarkets or little grocery stores.
We used to shop in small grocery stores means that it was true in the past, but not today.
Note that the negative form of used to is didn’t use to (no “-d” at the end)
PRESENT: We usually buy food in hypermarkets, and much less in small grocery stores.
PAST: We used to speak on the phone with our friends and relatives, and we used to send them letters and postcards form our holiday trips.
PRESENT: Today we usually send text messages or we just video chat with them, or upload our holiday snapshots to social media where we usually share them instantly.
In summary: “used to” is a very useful expression which describes the past, but only the past. “Usually” is an adverb to express routine or habit, typically things that we do in our present life as a routine.